Research for Social Care - Stage 2 Guidance for Applicants
This document provides guidance for submitting a Stage 2 application to the Research for Social Care (RfSC) call.
Section 1: Application Summary Information
Provide details of the organisation who will be the contractor if the project is funded.
If you have any queries, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org before submitting your application.
The project title should state clearly and concisely the proposed research. Any abbreviations should be spelled out in full.
Select the appropriate research type. If your proposed programme includes any element of primary research, please select ‘Primary Research’. If you are carrying out a new analysis of existing data, select ‘Secondary Research’. If you are not sure which category to select, choose the closest match to your project as this can be adjusted later.
Proposed Start Date
Note this should be from 1st of the month regardless of whether this is a working day or not. Please be realistic about your possible start date taking account of the necessary contracting, and staff recruitment prior to starting your project.
Research Duration (months)
Ensure you include sufficient time to complete all aspects of the research including applications for regulatory approvals (where required) and the final report.
This field will automatically populate once you have entered the start date and research duration information.
Total (Stage 2) Research Costs
This will be automatically pulled through from the budget section.
Section 2: CV - Lead and Co-applicants
Complete your name, contact details and other requested information.
We encourage the inclusion of public co-applicants, where appropriate. Please include a clear description of their role and the reasons why a public co-applicant is joining the team.
They are not obliged to complete a standard CV but are required to provide a summary of any knowledge, skills and experience relevant to their role in the application in a separate text box. This appears when ‘yes’ is selected to indicate if co-applicants are a member of the public.
We recognise and value the varied perspectives that service users and carers bring to a project as applicants. In this section, please provide a summary of any relevant knowledge, skills and experience that you will draw upon to contribute to this project.
This could include information about:
- Previous or present work (paid or unpaid) with any relevant organisations
- Links with any relevant groups, committees, networks or organisations
- Experience of engaging with social care services, caring responsibilities, use of services - or as a member of a particular community
- Knowledge and experience of research including previous research undertaken
- Knowledge and experience of service user, carer and public involvement including previous involvement activities
- Skills from any other roles that are transferable
- Relevant qualifications, training and learning.
The bullet point list above is not exhaustive. Please include anything else that is relevant to the application.
For further information, please access the 'Public Co-Applicants in Research' guidance.
Section 3: Research Background - Lead and Co-applicants
Provide details of a MAXIMUM of 6 of your most recent / relevant publications (in the last 10 years) relevant to this application (using Vancouver or Harvard citation format). Please use DOI reference numbers if needed.
Research Grants Held
Please select research grants held (as a named applicant) CURRENTLY or IN THE LAST 5 YEARS – as well as any additional previous grants, relevant to this application, stating who the grant is with and the amount of each grant.
Has this application been previously submitted to this or any other funding body?
To be completed by the lead applicant only.
Select ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ from the drop down box to indicate whether this or a similar application has previously been submitted to this or any other funding body.
Applications Submitted to other NIHR programmes
Where this application or a similar one has been submitted to this or another NIHR programme or elsewhere please complete the necessary information.
We are keen to know if the application has been submitted elsewhere and you must be as open about this as possible. This includes, but is not limited to, any facts that, should they come to light at a future date, would embarrass either the programme or the individual who withheld the fact (e.g. if a member of the team holds a patent or has a financial interest within the research area).
Failure to disclose accurately or fully will be considered by the programme as academic misconduct and treated accordingly. You should also include in this section information on whether this or a similar application has been submitted to any programme previously, or to any other funder including other NIHR programmes. You should name, and provide dates and outcomes of these. Please indicate whether you hold or have ever held an NIHR programme contract which has been terminated prior to completion, extended in time or in terms of funding.
Section 4: The Research Team
Specify your (lead applicant) role in this research
Explain in addition to your role as Lead Applicant, the role that you will be undertaking in the research, e.g. co-ordination and project management, analysis, methodological input etc.
This refers to the percentage of your time that you will commit to this project. If you are funded as part of other NIHR projects that will be running concurrently, your time must not exceed 100% overall.
Joint Lead Applicant
Where appropriate and justified it is acceptable for the application to be led by joint Lead Applicants. Where this applies, please complete your name, contact details and other requested information.
NOTE: Early career researchers leading applications to RfSC are encouraged to apply as Lead Applicant, with a more senior colleague fulfilling the role of mentor and Joint Lead Applicant
Justification for Joint Lead Applicant
Justification should be given to demonstrate why more than one person would be required to lead this research and how this brings added value to the application.
NOTE: Clearly describe how the Joint Lead Applicant will provide mentorship and guidance for the early career researcher fulfilling the role of Lead Applicant.
Relevant expertise and experience of joint Lead Applicant
Please summarise the proposed Joint Lead Applicant’s relevant expertise and track record in social care research, in terms of skills and experience, previous publications, grant funding and impact on social care service provision.
Specify role in research
Please provide a brief overview of your role in the proposed research. You have the opportunity to elaborate upon this further in the ‘Research Plan’ section.
This refers to the percentage of your time that you will commit to this project. If you are funded as part of other NIHR projects that will be running concurrently, your time must not exceed 100% overall.
NOTE: For application/contracting purposes, the joint lead applicant will be counted as a co- applicant.
Add details of all co-applicants and their specific role in the programme. Do not include collaborators, who should be mentioned (if necessary) in the Detailed Research Plan section of the form.
Co-applicants are those individuals with responsibility for the day to day management and delivery of the project. Co-applicants, including public co-applicants, are considered part of the project team and are expected to share responsibility for its successful delivery. In contrast collaborators normally provide specific expertise on particular aspects of the project but who do not share in the responsibility for the delivery of the project.
Allow sufficient time for your co-applicants to complete their sections of the online form before the application deadline.
Section 5: Other supporting roles – signatories (electronic)
Other supporting roles
The following supporting roles from the host organisation must be added to the application:
- Finance Director
- Head of Department or Senior Manager
On assigning these contacts an email will be sent to each of them by the system. They will be required to tick a check box indicating that they have read and understood the terms on which they have been nominated for this proposal and accept this role. Ticking this box constitutes an electronic signature of the supporting role for the full application.
At the time of adding the necessary supporting roles required to approve your application you are advised to inform the R&D office of the site most likely to be the lead site for your proposed research. The aim is to help speed up the permissions process should your application be successful.
The Lead Applicant will also be required to tick a checkbox to indicate that they have read and understood the terms on which he/she has been nominated as Chief Investigator for this proposal and accept this role.
Once everyone has approved the application you will be able to proceed to submit.
No original or ‘wet ink’ signatures are required for this application.
Section 6: Scientific Abstract
The scientific abstract should be a clear and concise scientific summary of the Detailed Research Plan / Methods.
The following is a list of potential elements / headings that might be included depending on the design of the proposed research, the setting and programme being applied to, and whether it is for primary research or evidence synthesis. It will be for researchers to decide the appropriate elements to be included in the scientific abstract and could include elements outside this list. Applicants may find the guidance on the EQUATOR Network website useful.
- Research question
- Aims and objectives
- Timelines for delivery
- Anticipated impact and dissemination
Section 7: Plain English Summary
A plain English summary is a clear explanation of your research.
Many reviewers use this summary to inform their review of your funding application. They include care professionals, practitioners and researchers who do not have specialist knowledge of your field as well as members of the public. If your application for funding is successful, the summary will be used on National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and other websites.
A good quality plain English summary providing an easy to read overview of your whole study will help:
- those carrying out the review (reviewers and board and panel members) to have a better understanding of your research proposal
- inform others about your research such as members of the public, and social care professionals, policy makers and the media
- the research funders to publicise the research that they fund.
If it is felt that your plain English summary is not clear and of a good quality then you may be required to amend it prior to final funding approval.
It is helpful to involve service users / carers / practitioners and members of the public in developing a plain English summary.
When writing your summary consider including the following information where appropriate:
- aim(s) of the research
- background to the research
- design and methods used
- patient and public involvement
The plain English summary is not the same as a scientific abstract - please do not cut and paste this or other sections of your application form to create the plain English summary.
For further support and advice on writing a plain English summary, please contact your local Research Design Service (where applicable).
Section 8: Changes from First stage
Please list the feedback received at first stage and under separate headings indicate what has changed as a result.
Please describe and explain any additional changes that have been made to this proposal since the stage 1 application e.g. in the light of new research.
Section 9: Detailed Research Plan
Using all of the headings (in the order presented) and guidance below, clearly explain your proposed research. Schematics, tables, illustrations, graphs, and other types of graphics can be embedded to clarify the research plan but they should not clutter the central narrative. Images do not count towards the overall word count but inclusion of them to overcome word limits is not permitted. Images may only be included within the 'Research Plan.' Images included in other sections will be removed from the application and not seen by reviewers.
As this is the main part of your application which will be considered by the reviewing committee you should ensure that the information is accurate, succinct, clearly laid out and provides adequate methodological detail.
NOTE: Applicants should aim to reserve a significant proportion of the word count for the research plan to ensure methodological approaches are fully specified.
Background and Rationale
Briefly describe the background and rationale of the proposed research, addressing the following areas:
What is the problem being addressed?
Provide a clear explanation of the social care problem to be addressed, the impact on service users, carers or the public as well as social care services, and how this research would fill a demonstrable evidence gap, addressing service user needs and DHSC priorities (at national or local levels).
Explain how your proposed research fits within the remit of the RfSC call and how it addresses the key aim of the call to support research which is concerned with the day-to-day practice of social care staff, and which has the potential to have an impact on the wellbeing of service users and carers.
Remember that the application will be reviewed by assessors who may not have a detailed understanding of the particular area that your application relates to. It is vitally important that you clearly tell the story of why this research is important. Research which improves efficiency and effectiveness (rather than increasing workload in an already stretched social care system) is welcomed.
Why is this research important in terms of improving the health, care and/or wellbeing of the public and/or to service users and/or carers and care services?
It is essential that you clearly identify the care need your research meets or contributes to. Please outline the anticipated value or contribution the study will provide and its likely trajectory to social care benefit.
- The importance of the proposed research and its relevance to the priorities and needs of the social care system (including a statement of the significance of the research area, e.g. the scale of the social or economic burden).
- The anticipated outputs, outcomes and impact of the proposed research on the welfare of service users, carers and/or the public, highlighting the innovation and/or development aspects and quantifying the potential benefits, where possible.
- The pathway and anticipated timescale to social care benefit.
Review of existing evidence - How does the existing literature support this proposal?
Explain why this research is needed now, both in terms of time and relevance. The call will only fund primary research where the proposed research is informed by a review of the existing evidence.
- The need for research in this area, drawing particularly from systematic reviews (including social care context and relevant literature), and the rationale for the particular lines of research you plan to pursue.
- Past and current research that justifies the proposed research and shows that it will add distinct value to what is already known, or in progress.
- Work undertaken previously by the research team which has led to the proposed programme (e.g., describe any pilot or feasibility data).
Applicants should be aware of ongoing research in this area and comment on any other research which might be deemed to overlap with the contents of the proposal. In particular, applicants are advised to use both PubMed Central and Europe PubMed Central for recent material on the topic area they are applying for. All applicants must also include reference to relevant ongoing studies, e.g. from trial registries. Applicants should also be aware of any current commissioned calls on related topics, such as through the NIHR Health Services and Delivery programme. For any similar or overlapping research identified, justification explaining the need for the proposed research should be included.
Any applications that include primary research should include reference to the existing evidence and explain how this evidence has informed the proposed research. Where a systematic review already exists that summarises the available evidence this should be referenced, as well as including reference to any relevant literature published subsequent to that systematic review. Where no such systematic review exists, it is expected that the applicants will undertake an appropriate review of the currently available and relevant evidence (using as appropriate a predetermined and described methodology that systematically identifies, critically appraises and then synthesises the available evidence) and then summarise this in their proposal.
Further information can be found on our Adding Value in Research webpage.
Aims and objectives
This section should be used to indicate the overarching aims/objectives of the research, outlining the key question(s) which the work will address and, where appropriate, the main hypothesis.
Describe the proposed research plan, providing descriptions of individual work packages in turn and indicate how they integrate together to form a coherent body of work. In particular and where appropriate, specify the methodological approaches proposed in sufficient detail to allow them to be assessed (for example, study design, setting, target population, inclusion and exclusion criteria, measurements, sample size, nature of follow-up, economic evaluation, duration, and practical arrangements).
NOTE: The research plan for a feasibility study should also contain a brief outline of the substantive trial, along with a list of the key ‘uncertain’ parameters that are needed to design the trial. Please refer to the Guidance on Applying for Feasibility Studies for more information.
For full trials, collaboration with a Clinical Trials Unit is recommended where appropriate. A list of units with experience working with RfPB can be found by using the UKCRC CTU Network Resource Finder and choosing RfPB in the ‘Experience of Applying to Funding Bodies’ search field.
Applicants are reminded that NIHR strategy encourages research which follows service user and carer need. Researchers should clearly articulate how their research meets this objective, and how this contributes to the scientific rigour of their research study. Studies should recruit participants from geographical areas where need is greatest, including for example the rural and semi-rural areas where many older people live, and represent areas of diverse socioeconomic and ethnic diversity.
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion for study participants
Equality, inclusion and diversity should also be properly considered when planning and describing the research, and evidenced in the application (see below).Every person eligible to take part in research should be offered the same opportunity of taking part in that research regardless of:
- Geographical location
- Gender reassignment
- Marriage and civil partnership
- Pregnancy and maternity
- Ethnicity - for example:
- Religion or belief
- Sexual orientation
- Socioeconomic status
- Access to health or social care
All NIHR applications are expected to include information about how this data will be collected. In addition, applicants should demonstrate how these factors have been considered and addressed in their proposal, including steps taken to ensure the research sample is representative of the population the study is targeted at. Applicants need to explain who they are planning to recruit to ensure inclusivity of study participants and justify and explain any exclusions, for example by completing an Equality Impact Assessment. Costs associated with inclusivity, which may include, but are not limited to justified translation of research participant material into other relevant languages, would be expected and where appropriate should be included in the detailed budget section under ‘Other Direct Costs’. Additionally, applicants should demonstrate that all potential recruiting locations have been considered and the research is deliverable to those areas.
Please see the NIHR INCLUDE Guidance for more information about how to include under-served groups effectively:
In particular and where appropriate, if involving service users and carers as research participants, please also provide key details about how they will be supported, managed and involved (see below)
Service users, carers and the public as research participants
The successful recruitment and retention of study participants is strategically important for the NIHR. If your proposed study involves service users, carers, the public as research participants please use the following bullet points to summarise their characteristics and what would be expected of them throughout the research project lifecycle. The potential burden on study participants can then be understood as well as whether or not the proposed strategies are practical, inclusive and feasible. Please also signpost to where further information on these points can be found in the detailed research plan and application.
Points to cover:
- Inclusion and exclusion criteria to help ensure that certain groups were not being excluded without justification
- Recruitment method and consent process to ensure it is practical and fair
- Type and content of participant information materials
- Overview of research methods to capture data from participants and their frequency e.g. questionnaires/tests/intervention/focus groups/ interviews
- Study participant support to consider how drop-out and issues of participation would be handled/helplines/ other access arrangements required
- Methods for sharing study progress and findings with study participants
- Payments, rewards and recognition for study participants.
Researchers may find the SPIRIT 2013 statement a useful resource when preparing their protocol.
Dissemination, outputs and anticipated impact
The purpose of this section is for the applicant to describe the planned outputs of the research, how these will be communicated and to whom, and how the research may lead to short and longer-term impacts. NIHR understands that the impact of any research may take time to be realised and will likely involve other funders, institutions and sustained efforts in practice. NIHR also recognises it may be difficult to provide definitive answers or guarantees on longer term impacts. However, applicants are invited below to consider various aspects of pathways below and how the likelihood of impact can be maximised. This includes considering what outputs are produced, how these can be best connected to the health social care environment, what efforts and investment are likely to be needed beyond the project, what barriers are likely to be encountered and what impacts the research is seeking to achieve.
1. What do you intend to produce form you research?
Please provide brief details of each anticipated output. NB the term ‘outputs’ refers to any tangible product of the research, not just academic publications. Outputs can include but are not limited to: conference presentation or other workshop events; publications (academic or otherwise); guidelines (clinical, service or otherwise); other copyright (e.g. questionnaires, training aids, toolkits, manuals, software, etc); new or improved design of medical devices or instrumentation; new or improved diagnostic; trial data that could be used to support a CE mark, market authorisation or equivalent; trial data that could be used to shape or influence a healthcare or social care market or government; potential new social care intervention.
2. How will you inform and engage service users, carers, local care organisations, practitioners and the wider population about your work?
Describe who you need to communicate with within this research, and your plans for engaging relevant audiences, for example local authorities. For impact, it is unlikely that simply making outputs available will be sufficient. Please consider, and outline the active approach you will take to engaging key parties, or identify the process you will use to identify them and formulate an engagement plan.
3. How will your outputs enter our social care system or society as a whole?
Describe the process by which the research will enter the social care system, including how your outputs will be acknowledged, selected and introduced for use in social care services or wider society. Where possible consider how the work will be able to be adopted and implemented longer term. Please describe the proposed route to market (commercial or non-commercial) for your outputs. Describe who is needed to take it forward and the relationship you currently (or propose to) have with these parties. If your outputs are likely to be commercially exploitable, please include details on how you plan to develop this.
4. What further funding of support will be required if this research is successful?
Consider what investment or support may be needed at the end of this project to maximise impact (e.g. from NIHR, other local or national parts of Government, charity or industry). Not all projects will require this but if so, plans should be linked to the responses in questions 2 and 3 above.
5. What are the possible barriers for further research, development, adoption and implementation?
Describe the difficulties which may be faced in generating impact from your research. These may be difficulties you will face yourself, or challenges faced by those in the implementing context (e.g., social care practitioners)
- Will the proposed research use data, technology, materials or other inventions that are subject to any form of intellectual property protection (e.g. copyright, design rights, patents) or rights owned by another organisation(s)? If yes, provide brief details including how such third party IP will be accessed (e.g. collaboration agreement, drug supply agreement).
- What are the key current and future barriers to uptake of any likely output or innovation directly in the social care system and/or health service, through commercial exploitation or other means, e.g. potential regulatory hurdles?
- What are the challenges for getting your research implemented in terms of acceptability, accessibility and feasibility? How will you address these?
- How will you address other barriers that exist within social care?
6. What do you think the impact of your research will be and for whom?
Describe the impacts you aim to achieve as a direct result of the project and those which are anticipated longer term. Please consider how any smaller, more immediate effects may mature over time into larger scale or more significant effects, and the steps by which this may be achieved. As far as possible, indicate anticipated timescales for these benefits and a quantitative estimate of their scale. Impacts may include, but are not restricted to - service user, carer benefit; social care staff benefits; changes in care services (including efficiency savings); commercial return (which could contribute to economic growth); public wellbeing.
7. How will you share with study participants the progress and findings of your research?
What strategies will you use to keep your research participants informed of the progress of your project and the findings? Consider the ethical implications of informing study participants and also what the most accessible methods could be, such as newsletters, leaflets, webpages, social media and where relevant different languages and formats. The Health Research Authority provide guidance on the information participants of trials should receive at the end of the study.
Describe the progression of the research plan, including the timetable, key milestones, and deliverables of each work stream / work package.
NOTE: It is expected that when feasibility studies are proposed, time will be allocated to the development of the protocol for the substantive trial should the proposed feasibility study be successful.
Explain the practical arrangements for managing the research project. This should include specification of the management roles and responsibilities of the individual team members who will lead on the delivery of the proposed research, the management structure (i.e. reporting lines), the project manager (if applicable), and the financial and intellectual property management. Please also highlight the role of any steering, advisory or reference groups associated with the research.
Ethics / Regulatory approvals
Outline any ethical issues associated with this research and the arrangements for handling them. If there are no plans to obtain ethical review, this must be clearly justified. Note that work outlined in your application/protocol must adhere to the UK Policy Framework for Health and Social Care.
Explain why the group is qualified to do this research, describing the track record of the research team in the relevant area, including publication outputs, grant income and impact on social care practice and policy. State clearly the particular contribution that each of the applicants will make towards the research and the particular contribution that any collaborators intend to make.
There should be a named person with appropriate skills and experience who is responsible for leading the service User, carer and public involvement element within the project. This role should be an adequately costed and resourced research team member who is able to manage the service User, carer and public involvement plans and related activities. For examples of the activities a service user, carer and public involvement lead might undertake, please see our guidance on definition and role of a PPI lead.
If submitting with a joint lead applicant, justify why more than one person is needed to lead the proposal and why they are qualified to do so.
Clearly describe if and how the programme will contribute to capacity building / career development of applicants and of researchers employed on the grant.
NOTE: If, for any reason, salary costs of members of the team are not going to be sought via this application, it should be made clear how their contribution will be supported in the ‘Detailed Budget’ section.
Success criteria and barriers to proposed work
Please set out the measurements of success you intend to use.
NOTE: It is expected that when feasibility studies are proposed, clear progression criteria to the substantive trial will be provided, including identification of the potential funder of the substantive trial. Please refer to the Guidance on Applying for Feasibility Studies for more information.
Please also identify the key risks to delivering this research and what contingencies you will put in place to reduce or eliminate each risk or its impact. A risk is defined as any factor which may delay, disrupt or prevent the full achievement of a research objective. Typical areas of risk for a research application might include participant recruitment, staffing, resource constraints, technical constraints, data access, timing, management and operational issues (please note that this list is not exhaustive).
Upload a Gantt chart
It is mandatory to attach a Gantt chart indicating a schedule for the completion of work, including the timing of key milestones and deliverables.
Section 10: Patient (service user, carer) and Public Involvement
Please describe how service users, carers and the public have been involved in developing this proposal.
You should describe who has been involved and why this is appropriate, what role(s) they have played and what influence or change has happened as result of their involvement
Please describe the ways in which service users, carers and the public will be actively involved in the proposed research, including any training and support provided.
PPI approach, management and support
- Explain why your approach to and public involvement is appropriate for this proposal. In your description you will need to say who will be involved and why.
- Please use this opportunity to describe how you plan to manage and coordinate the patient and public involvement activities in your project.
- Describe how you will support and enable patients/service users, carers, the public and members of relevant communities to contribute to your research (e.g. access, payments, training).
- We would also encourage you to outline plans for the capturing, evaluating and reporting the impact of patient and public involvement activities.
Carers, service users and the public can be involved in every stage of a research project, from developing a proposal through to dissemination and evaluation. You can find further resources to support the design of your PPI in our list of PPI resources for applicants to NIHR research programmes
There should be a named person with appropriate skills and experience who is responsible for leading the PPI element within the project. This role should be an adequately costed and resourced research team member who is able to manage the PPI plans and related activities. For examples of the activities a PPI lead might undertake, please see our guidance on definition and role of a PPI lead.
A summary of PPI activities
Please provide a summary below of the proposed PPI activities embedded throughout the research project lifecycle. Please clearly signpost to other sections of the Detailed Research Plan where the PPI is described further in relation to the relevant project stage e.g. dissemination, intervention design, data collection, analysis.
In rare cases where proposals do NOT involve service users, carers and the public, clear justification must be provided.
Complete/justify as necessary.
Section 11: Detailed Budget
Justification of costs
Provide a breakdown of research costs associated with undertaking the research and provide justification for the resources requested, including the following:
- staff costs
- travel, subsistence and conference fees
- dissemination costs
- equipment (including lease versus purchase costs)
- patient (service user and carer) and public involvement
- any other direct costs
For help with estimating PPI costs please see the payment guidance for researchers and professionals.
When justifying staff costs you should also provide the % amount of time input of each member of staff and link this to the specific area/work package of the proposed study where this input will be taking place.
You should indicate here how this research will potentially benefit social care, the NHS and/ or public health. For example, where appropriate, describe the likely cost savings or benefits in terms of numbers of service users cared for, carers supported, time saving etc.
You should describe the value for money of the conduct of the proposed research.
Also provide a breakdown of the NHS costs associated with undertaking the research and provide justification for the resources required. If there are no NHS Support or Excess Treatment Costs associated with the research you must explain why you think this is the case.
Social care studies are eligible for Clinical Research Network (CRN) support and researchers should speak to the CRN and include NHS Support costs where relevant. For the purposes of social care studies ‘treatment costs’ should be interpreted as ‘intervention or service costs’ and should be included in the proposal when needed. Further guidance on NHS Support and Treatment costs can be found on the NIHR website.
Provide a breakdown of any non-NHS intervention costs and provide justification for the resources required. Non-NHS intervention costs should include costs incurred in delivering the intervention which would continue to be incurred after the trial, should the intervention become standard care.
Detailed Budget Breakdown
The finance section should provide a breakdown of costs associated with undertaking the research as described in the proposal.
Programme specific information
The RfSC call has a funding limit of £350,000. Applications with a clear and close trajectory to achieving tangible benefit for social care users, carers and/or the public may cost up to the maximum funding limit. Applications for research which will require further work in order to benefit social care users and/or the public, more upstream research, and/or where social care benefit may not be directly realised through the proposal, are expected to cost less. Further information can be found on the RfSC webpage.
The information entered in this section should provide an analysis of the total funds requested to undertake the research proposed and should be based on current prices. These costs will be used to assess value for money.
It is in your best interest to undertake a thorough, realistic and accurate costing. Where an outline/stage 1 application has been produced and this is the full stage (2) application, the committee/panel will pay close attention to any material increase in costs. You must provide a clear and full justification for all costs including NHS Support and Treatment costs. You must also ensure that you include all costs including those required to secure good research management.
- Costs must be provided at current prices. An adjustment for inflation will be made annually thereafter at rates set by the Department of Health and Social Care. Whilst allowances for incremental increases should be included on the form, nationally or locally agreed pay increases should be excluded.
- Years should be calculated starting from the anticipated start date of the proposed research. For example, if your research is expected to start on 01 October 2020 then its second year starts 01 October 2021.
- Further itemisation of costs and methods of calculation may be requested to support the application at a later date.
- Payments will be made to the contracted organisation only and the contracted organisation will be responsible for passing on any money due to their partner organisation(s).
- Appropriate sub-contracts must be put in place for any element of the research which is to be paid to another organisation.
- NHS support costs, including costs for Social Care research, are funded via Clinical Research Networks. Researchers should contact their local NHS R&D department initially and, if they are unable to help directly or if there is no local NHS R&D department, contact the Local Comprehensive Research Network (LCRN) senior manager for advice on NHS support costs. Further details about LCRN contacts are available on the LCRN website.
- All applications are expected to have appropriate NHS, HEI, commercial and other partner organisation input into the finance section of the application form.
Please note that whilst the applicable percentages will be used to calculate the maximum grant payable, the programme reserves the right to award a grant for less than this maximum where it is considered appropriate.
Information on different types of organisations
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) should determine the Full Economic Cost (FEC) of their research using the Transparent Approach to Costing (TRAC) methodology. For HEIs, up to 80% of FEC will be paid, provided that TRAC methodology has been used.
NHS bodies and other providers of NHS services in England
For applications where the contractor is an NHS body or provider of NHS services in England, up to 100% of direct costs will be paid.
Commercial/other partner organisations
If you are a commercial organisation/consultancy, please fill in direct costs and commercial indirect costs. Indirect costs should be charged in proportion to the amount of research staff effort requested on the funding application form. Up to 100% of costs will be paid.
If you are another partner organisation (e.g. Local Authority, charity or NGO), please fill in direct costs and other partner organisations indirect costs. Indirect costs should be charged in proportion to the amount of research staff effort requested on the funding application form. Up to 100% of costs will be paid.
These are costs that are specific to the research, which will be charged as the amount actually spent and can be supported by an audit record. They should comprise:
Details of posts and salaries (posts and salaries summary)
This section presents an overview of salary and associated on-costs for the applicant(s) contributing to the research, including normal salary increments broken down individually.
- Please include all members of staff working on the research by clicking ‘Add Staff Details’ or editing a current one.
- If there are any applicant(s) whose costs are not being claimed you should still include their details within this section, but don’t include any actual costs.
- Where applicants are already in receipt of NIHR funding for any part of their salaries (e.g. NIHR Fellowships), these should not be additionally charged to the project.
- Where applicants are already receiving salaries funded by NIHR, these should be declared in the application.
- The Apprenticeship Levy can be included in the salary costs from 1 April 2017 where relevant.
Salary costs (apply to years)
This section specifies the annual costs of each applicant contributing to the research. You should now allocate the individual staff member costs to each year of the research, allowing for increments. Use current rates of pay, and build in any known annual increments (again at current rates). You will not be able to claim for pay awards retrospectively, once your research is underway.
- Please note the ‘Total’ and ‘Overall’ column figures need to be calculated using the current annual costs, %FTE and number of months. If the research lasts for several years and an individual’s involvement varies over the course, it may be necessary to explain fully in the justification of costs section the % FTE and months per year for an individual staff member.
- It is important to double check that the % FTE, total months and yearly costs information are consistent with the information presented in ‘Details of Posts and Salaries’ (‘Details of Posts and Salaries’ should show the full current staff costs independent of % FTE etc., whereas the yearly costs in ‘Annual Costs of Posts’ depend on % FTE etc.).
- Please ensure that you check the ‘Type of Cost’ box which describes the employing organisation for a member of staff as this impacts on the level of funding provided. Staff employed by a Higher Education Institution (HEI) are funded at 80% of cost and staff employed by NHS, commercial or other partner organisation at up to 100% of cost.
Please note that this section also includes ‘Shared Staff Costs’ which is located under directly allocated costs in some other funders’ applications. These are costs of an institution’s research resources which can be charged to the research on the basis of estimated use, rather than actual costs. These may include: IT technicians, and costs of pooled staff efforts. HEI indirect costs cannot be claimed on these shared costs.
Travel, subsistence and conference dissemination costs
This section includes journey costs, subsistence and conference fees. Where applicable, you will need to include the travel and subsistence costs of your project advisory group, steering committee and/or data monitoring & ethics committee. Travel and subsistence costs relating to dissemination should also be included here, as should costs relating to overseas travel.
Enter the total cost of transport for all journeys for destination/purpose. If travel is by car, apply your institution’s mileage rates (however this should not exceed HMRC approved mileage allowance payments, which is 45p per mile for the first 10,000 miles and 25p thereafter).
Travel by the most economic means possible is encouraged. NIHR programmes do not usually fund first class travel.
Subsistence covers accommodation (if necessary) and meals associated with the travel, excluding any alcoholic beverages.
Where national or international conference costs are included, a statement naming the conference or purpose of travel and the benefit to the research must also be made; failure to adequately justify your attendance at a conference will mean the programme will not fund this cost.
For research of up to five years, the programme will usually fund up to a maximum of two international conference attendances. For research beyond five years, the programme will usually fund up to a maximum of two international conference attendances per five year or part of five year research period.
Essential items of equipment plus maintenance and related costs not included as part of estates should be input in this section. These can be lease or purchase costs.
- The purchase cost of pieces of equipment, valued up to £5,000 excluding VAT, will be considered.
- Pieces of equipment costing more than £5,000 to purchase will usually need to be leased. Where applicants are leasing equipment with a purchase price of more than £5,000, a comparison of leasing versus purchasing costs must be provided in the ‘Justification of Costs’ section.
- Items of equipment valued at £250 or more must be itemised separately; however grouping same type equipment is permitted.
- Costs of computers are normally restricted to a maximum of £650 each excluding VAT and a statement of justification must be included, in the relevant ‘Justification of Costs’ section for any purchase above this limit.
- Equipment must exclude VAT, but if your organisation is unable to reclaim/recover the VAT on a piece of equipment, you should check the box ‘VAT cannot be reclaimed’.
- You will need to seek expert advice from the organisation purchasing the equipment regarding its VAT status. If you check the ‘VAT cannot be reclaimed’ column, VAT at 20% will automatically be calculated into the overall cost of that item.
This section includes non-reusable items specific to the research. Please itemise and describe the requirements fully (e.g. postage, stationery, photocopying). These items should be research specific, not just general office costs which should be covered by indirect costs.
Patient (service user, carer) and public involvement
Please itemise and describe fully the costs associated with service user, carer and public involvement. These are likely to include, individual travel, out of pocket expenses, payment for time and any relevant training and support costs. Costs related to study participants should not be itemised here.
If voluntary, charity or community groups are supporting the research via activities such as facilitating contact with potential participants, hosting research activities or providing advice, an adequate budget must be included to compensate for their time and resources.
NIHR have produced a number of useful payment-related resources.
Other direct costs
These are costs, not identified elsewhere, that are specifically attributed to the research. For example, open access costs, other dissemination costs, costs associated with the use of research facilities, external consultancy costs, costs associated with inclusivity (which may include, but are not limited to, justified translation of research participant material into other relevant languages) computer licensing, recruitment and advertising costs.
Please note that for organisations claiming indirect/overhead costs, costs such as recruitment of staff, and general training (e.g. in common IT packages) are costs that should be covered by the indirect costs element of the award being sought and should not appear in this section.
If external consultancy costs are included in this section they must be fully justified in the ‘Justification of Costs’ section. Please specify the hourly rate and the number of hours and note that consultants must not be people who are already employed by the applicant’s institution. If they are, any costs should be entered as direct costs in the ‘Details of Posts and Salaries’ and ‘Annual Costs of Posts’ sections.
Open access costs
During the course of your project and throughout the review and publishing phase, you may choose to submit an article based on your research to an open access publication. Depending on the publication, you may be subject to an Article Processing Charge (APC). APC rates vary but are usually within the range of £300 and £3000. Open access publications usually list their APC rates on their websites.
Where possible, you should include an estimate for any APC in your funding application, since NIHR expects that APCs will be covered by the funding award. Further information can be found in the NIHR open access policy.
Other dissemination costs
Any large costs should be further detailed with a breakdown of constituent parts or a timescale profile of the costs. Meetings to share best practice, training events and events to disseminate research findings must be run at the lowest possible cost with minimal catering. ‘Conferences’ which are described as such are not eligible for funding.
Indirect costs will be charged in proportion to the amount of research staff effort requested on the award. They comprise:
- General office and basic consumables
- Premises costs
- Library services/learning resources
- Finance, personnel, public relations and departmental services
- Usage costs of major research facilities
- Central and distributed computing
- Charge out rates for shared equipment
- Cost of capital employed
NHS bodies or other providers of NHS services indirect costs
NHS indirect costs cannot be claimed through NIHR/DH programme funding. NHS bodies or other providers of NHS services have been allocated NIHR Research Capability Funding (RCF) to contribute to the cost of hosting NIHR/DH-supported research. Read more about RCF on the NIHR website.
HEI indirect costs
Total HEI indirect costs must be fully justified. HEIs are permitted to claim estate and other indirect costs. These costs are calculated on the basis of TRAC methodology. Proposals from other types of institutions/organisations should leave this section blank.
- HEI indirect costs are based on the number of full-time equivalent research staff working on the research and the indirect/estates charges set by an institution.
- Where staff from more than one HEI are working on the research there may be different indirect/estates charges for each one. Please list each institution on a separate line.
- Please note HEI indirect costs cannot be claimed on shared staff costs.
The applicant(s) should consult their HEI finance departments for the appropriate figures to include in the estate charges and other indirect cost sections
Commercial/other partner organisation indirect costs
Commercial/other partner organisations can claim indirect costs which are the costs of resources used by the research that are shared by other activities. Please seek advice from your finance department about the appropriate cost for this section.
Total Commercial/other partner organisation indirect costs must be fully justified.
NHS support and treatment costs (incl. excess treatment costs/savings)
The finance section includes a section that asks researchers to provide an estimate of the participant care costs associated with the research (if applicable). An explanation of why these costs are being incurred and the basis on which the estimations have been made should be fully detailed under the relevant ‘Justification of Costs’ section.
The committee/panel will take NHS support and treatment costs into account when considering the value for money of the research. It is important that you consider these costs and discuss them with the NHS bodies or providers of NHS services involved in order to avoid any delay in commencing the research.
Please be aware that the research award does NOT include NHS support and/or treatment costs. NHS support costs will be funded via the Comprehensive Research Networks. NHS treatment costs, can be accessed via the Lead LCRN managing the process on behalf of the local sites.
A representative of the NHS body or provider of NHS services - incurring any NHS support and treatment costs - must sign off the application. The ‘Other supporting roles – signatories (electronic)’ page is intended to ensure that the aforementioned organisation is satisfied that all NHS support and treatment costs in the application are correct and is prepared to meet these costs.
Upload a Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Template (SoECAT) form
It is mandatory to attach a Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Template (SoECAT) form.
Please note that as part of the work to address the issues surrounding the way in which Excess Treatment Costs are funded, new arrangements are now being implemented as part of a pilot.
To underpin the new arrangements, a cost attribution tool has been created by the Health Research Authority (HRA) in partnership with charity funders and research sponsors. This tool provides a standardised approach across England, ensuring that the attribution of study activities complies with the Department of Health and Social Care Guidance on Attributing the Costs of Health and Social Care Research and Development (AcoRD). As part of their funding applications, researchers are required to complete this new tool, known as a Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Tool (SoECAT) for clinical and social care research, which has been developed from the current HRA Schedule of Events. This tool is designed to capture the different costs associated with clinical research and attribute them accordingly. The totals for excess treatment costs and NHS support costs are calculated by using the SoECAT. Therefore you are not required to add costs to the online application form under the ‘NHS Support Costs’ or ‘NHS Treatment Costs’ sections. However please still complete the question on whether the costs have been discussed and agreed with the Lead Network’.
Researchers and/ or their study teams and Research Sponsor/ Lead NHS Provider (e.g. R&D office/ Clinical Trials Unit) are supported by AcoRD Specialists in the Local CRN to verify the accuracy of the SoECAT.
Under the new arrangements, sign off via the LCRN AcoRD Specialist is required to confirm the study attribution complies with the Department of Health and Social Care AcoRD guidance. This early attribution support will underpin the excess treatment cost management process by providing formal sign off, supporting the role of the research sponsor and lead R&D office or Clinical Trials Unit. Completion of the Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Template will be required for studies eligible for the NIHR portfolio and the support this provides, which will include access to excess treatment cost payments under the new arrangements. This ETC value, alongside recruitment activity in the NIHR Central Portfolio Management System, will then be utilised to inform the payments to NHS providers.
Please note: Social care studies are eligible for Clinical Research Network (CRN) support, it does not just apply to NHS based research, and researchers should speak to the CRN and include support costs where relevant. For the purposes of social care studies ‘treatment costs’ should be interpreted as ‘intervention costs’ and should be included in the proposal when needed. Further guidance on support and ‘treatment’ costs can be found on the NIHR website.
When considered necessary by the LCRN AcoRD specialist, a completed Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Tool (SoECAT) is now required to be uploaded and submitted as part of the application submission for all applications. When a completed SoECAT is not considered necessary by an AcoRD specialist, only the front page (study information tab) of the SoECAT needs to be uploaded and submitted as part of the application submission. The SoECAT must be authorised and signed off by an AcoRD Specialist even where there are no excess treatment costs.
The SoECAT form and more information can be found excess treatment costs page on the NIHR website. Please also see our Guidance for completing the Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Template (SoECAT).
NHS support costs
These are the additional care costs associated with the research, which would end once the R&D activity in question has stopped, even if the care service involved continues to be provided. These might cover items such as extra tests, extra care visits and extra care worker attention. Researchers should contact their local NHS R&D department initially and, if they are unable to help directly or if there is no local NHS R&D department, contact the Local Comprehensive Research Network (LCRN) senior manager for advice on NHS support costs. Further details about LCRN contacts are available on the LCRN website.
Please note: you are not required to add NHS Support Costs on the online form as these are now part of the new SoECAT form. However please still complete the question on whether the costs have been discussed and agreed with the Lead Network’
NHS treatment costs
Please read the following guidance on the funding of excess treatment costs prior to completing your application.
These are the care costs that would continue to be incurred if the care service in question continued to be provided after the R&D activity has stopped. In determining NHS treatment (or intervention/service costs) costs you must assume that the care service being assessed will continue even though there may be no plans for it to do so. Where care is being provided which differs from the normal, standard, care for that condition or individuals (either an experimental service or a service in a different location from where it would normally be given), the difference between the total treatment costs and the costs of the “usual standard care" (if any) constitutes excess treatment cost/saving, but is nonetheless part of the treatment cost, not an NHS support or research cost. These costs should be determined in conjunction with your NHS body, provider of NHS services and/or commissioners at the Local Authority.
Please note if the care intervention under investigation is in addition to usual care there is no need to complete the ‘Usual Treatment Costs’ section however this will need to be justified in the relevant ‘Justification of Costs’ section. If the care intervention under investigation either wholly or partially replaces usual care, the ‘Usual Treatment Costs’ section must be completed.
Please note: you are not required to add NHS Treatment Costs on the online form as these are now part of the new SoECAT form. However please still complete the question on whether the costs have been discussed and agreed with the Lead Network’
For further information, please see:
Section 12: Management and Governance
Is Clinical Trials Authorisation required?
Yes / No
Does your project require ethics approval?
Yes / No
If yes, has ethics approval already been obtained?
Yes / No
Section 13: Uploads
- A list of references cited in the application (maximum 3 pages A4)
- A completed Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Tool (SoECAT)
If involving a CTU
- CTU letter of support
The following file(s) are considered non-mandatory to submission; please number your files and attach:
Supporting documentation, including protocols, questionnaires, logic models, flow diagrams, pictures, charts, letters of support,, papers in press etc. No more than five separate files are permitted, and the total file size should not exceed 6Mb (this includes the SoECAT form and the Gantt Chart uploaded earlier in the form). Total files sizes larger than this may not be considered as part of the submission. All supporting documentation must be uploaded with a clear and concise filename description, preceded by a numbered ‘Appendix’ reference.
Section 14: Administrative contact details
Please provide the details of an administrative lead as a secondary point of contact for any queries relating to the application, should it be supported.
NOTE: This person does not need to be a co-applicant.
Section 15: Research and Development office contact details
Please provide the contact details and job title of a person in the R&D office so that we are able to notify them of the outcome of this application including any associated feedback.
NOTE: This person does not need to be included as a co-applicant.
Section 16: Acknowledge, review and submit
Please declare any conflicts or potential conflicts of interest that you or your co-applicants may have, including any facts that, should they come to light at a future date, could lead to a perception of bias. Include any relevant personal, non-personal & commercial interest that could be perceived as a conflict of interest. Examples include (this list is not all encompassing) secondary employment, consultancy, financial or commercial gain (pensions, shareholdings, directorships, voting rights), honoraria, etc. In a case of commercial sector involvement with the application or the study, please state clearly the relationship to ownership of data, access to data, and membership of project oversight groups.
Agreement to terms and conditions
As lead applicant, please tick the box to confirm that the information given on this form is correct and that you will be actively engaged in this research and responsible for its overall management. In addition, you will accept responsibility for ensuring that the host institution and interested parties are kept informed.
Ticking this box constitutes an electronic signature of the lead applicant with regard to this application
Checklist of information to include when submitting a NIHR stage 2 research application
Applicants should click the checkboxes to indicate that they have included the necessary information prior to submitting their application.
Appropriate and relevant involvement of service users, carers and the public
A good quality plain English summary
A clear description of team member roles and contribution
A clear scientific abstract
A clear description of the changes from first stage
A flow diagram illustrating the study design / flow of participants (document upload), if appropriate
A full and accurate detailed budget breakdown
A clear justification of costs / value for money
References (document upload)
A clear Detailed Research Plan outlining the study design, methods, dissemination etc.
A CTU letter of support if required (document upload)
The support and agreement from the necessary supporting roles / signatories
Completed Schedule of Events Cost Attribution Tool (SoECAT)