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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • School for Primary Care Research

    School for Primary Care Research (SPCR) is a partnership between nine leading academic centres for primary care research in England. The School aims to increase the evidence base for primary care practice through high quality research and strategic leadership, and to build capacity in primary care research.
  • School for Public Health Research

    School for Public Health Research (SPHR) is a partnership between eight leading academic centres of public health research in England. The School aims to build the evidence base for effective public health practice by bringing together England’s leading public health research expertise in one virtual organisation.
  • School for Social Care Research

    School for Social Care Research (SSCR) is a partnership between five leading academic centres for social care research in England. The School aims to develop the evidence base to inform and improve adult social care practice by commissioning and conducting world-class research.
  • Secondary outcome

    An outcome used to evaluate additional effects of an intervention deemed as being less important than the primary outcomes.
  • Secondary research

    A review of individual studies (each of which is called a primary study). A systematic review is a secondary study.
  • Setting

    The research setting is the environment in which research is carried out. This could be a laboratory or a 'real' setting, such as the subject's working environment if you are conducting research into people's working lives.
  • Single technology appraisal

    A review of evidence on one specific treatment, usually carried out for policy customers such as NICE.
  • SPCR

    School for Primary Care Research (SPCR) is a partnership between nine leading academic centres for primary care research in England. The School aims to increase the evidence base for primary care practice through high quality research and strategic leadership, and to build capacity in primary care research.
  • Specificity

    In screening / diagnostic tests this is a measure of a test’s ability to correctly identify people who do not have the disease.
  • SPHR

    School for Public Health Research (SPHR) is a partnership between eight leading academic centres of public health research in England. The School aims to build the evidence base for effective public health practice by bringing together England’s leading public health research expertise in one virtual organisation.
  • SRMRC

    Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre (SRMRC) brings both military and civilian trauma surgeons and scientists together in a partnership with the Ministry of Defence, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Birmingham.
  • SSCR

    School for Social Care Research (SSCR) is a partnership between five leading academic centres for social care research in England. The School aims to develop the evidence base to inform and improve adult social care practice by commissioning and conducting world-class research.
  • Statistically significant

    A result that is unlikely to have happened by chance.
  • Sub-group analysis

    An analysis in which the intervention effect is evaluated in a defined subset of the participants in a trial, or in complementary subsets, such as sex or age.
  • Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre

    Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre (SRMRC) brings both military and civilian trauma surgeons and scientists together in a partnership with the Ministry of Defence, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Birmingham.
  • Systematic review

    A review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. Statistical methods (meta-analysis) may or may not be used to analyse and summarise the results of the included studies.
  • Systematic reviews programme

    The SR Programme comprises four different entities whose core business is creating evidence synthesis, systematic reviews,training or supporting the creation of research.