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Invention for Innovation - Connect FAQs


Published: 20 August 2019

Version: 1.0 - August 2021

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The NIHR Invention for Innovation (i4i) Programme i4i Connect awards is aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in need of a funding boost to reach their next stage in developing their medical technology.

You may also be interested in the guidance for applicants and the supporting information.

Stage 1 – Expression of Interest

Are i4i Connect applications treated as confidential?

All applications submitted to the i4i Scheme are confidential. The title and outcome of your application will be included in minutes on the NIHR website following the Committee meeting(s).

What are the rules about applying for both i4i Connect and other calls in future?

There is no limit to how many applications you can submit to i4i funding streams. Please note any application to a previous call and its outcome within the application form.

Are Non-UK partners eligible for i4i Connect?

This will be judged on a case by case basis and the applicants will need to provide good justification as to why a non-UK partner is essential for project success.

Can we use overseas-based subcontractors or consultants?

Overseas subcontractors and consultants may be used but justifications for their use rather than a subcontractor in the UK must be provided.

Can an SME submit more than one application for EOI?

Yes. However, you do need to consider your capacity to deliver if all are awarded.

Is it necessary to include a collaborating partner for i4i Connect?

There is no requirement to have a formal collaborator for an i4i Connect project although it is allowed. It is recommended that applicants might consider partners important to the development of the technology. Applicants seeking post-award i4i PDA funding will be expected to include at least one collaborator in their application.

How do you determine who should be a co-applicant?

Co-applicants are your collaborators. A collaborator is someone who will contribute to the generation of IP and who will share the responsibility to deliver the project. Conversely, subcontractors should not be co-applicants. Subcontractors are hired to perform a specific task within the project and often will charge a fee for service; they are not responsible for the delivery of the project.

Is it advantageous to have an NHS partner for i4i Connect?

One of the assessment criteria for i4i Connect is the strength of the project team. It is therefore advisable to include co-applicants, collaborators and subcontractors that will enable you to most effectively deliver your proposed project.

Do I need confirmation that my project is in scope before being allowed to submit an application?

We encourage applicants to submit project ideas via our pre-submission engagement form to confirm that their project is within scope, however this is not a pre-requisite. Please use the Research Management System to submit your i4i Connect application.

Does i4i Connect support projects in the proof of concept phase?

To be eligible for i4i Connect, you will need a proof of concept (TRL3), which entails evidence from preliminary studies that indicate the technology concept is feasible.

Connect does not fund proof of concept but will fund feasibility - what is the difference?

The proof of concept demonstrates the functionality of the desired technology and verifies that a certain concept or theory can be achieved in development. Feasibility is about demonstrating that it is probable that the planned project activities will work in the situation intended, so it is de-risking and may not be directly related to the device itself.

Is it acceptable to use the Connect award to fund the creation of the alpha prototype/end-user assessment trial?

Yes. Often proof of concept may be based on a pre-prototype, so building the alpha prototype and getting the end-user/human factors work done is fundable.

Is it a requirement for the medical technology being developed to be adopted by and sold to the NHS?

The NIHR's mission is to improve the health and wealth of the nation, and applicants to i4i Connect are expected to have an NHS adoption strategy. We understand that companies might additionally intend to commercialise their technology internationally.

Does our product need to have IP protection before submitting to i4i?

Protection of background IP will strengthen your application. It will be advantageous to describe how background and foreground IP will be managed and protected during your project, and its intended ownership. i4i Connect will fund activities associated with IP protection, freedom to operate etc.

How crucial is it to get a patient’s voice in terms of the problem we are addressing in our application? How important is Patient Engagement?

While it is not a requirement to have engaged patients and members of the public prior to applying for Connect, it is important that you show consideration by incorporating some PPIE activity within your proposal. We believe they can add value to research plans and foster patient-centred innovations. Patient and public involvement is expected in all NIHR funded projects and is part of the NIHR i4i Connect assessment criteria. Please note that user engagement is different from patient and public involvement. Please engage with your local Research Design Service who can advise on this.

Does evidence need to be cited and does citation count towards the word count? Can hyperlinks be included in the submission?

At stage 1 it is not possible to submit attachments alongside the Expression of Interest, so all citations will need to be embedded in the document and will be counted towards the word count. However, we still recommend adding key references to make your statements stronger. It would be possible to add hyperlinks to the Expression of Interest application.

Is it expected to upload a Gantt chart/visible project plan in the ‘Project plan and spending plan’ section? Are there any other appendices expected to be uploaded?

No attachments are allowed at the Expression of Interest stage, so you are not expected to attach a Gantt chart. You will need to provide a description of the project plan in the body of the Expression of Interest form.

We have a digital mental health therapy delivered through a mobile app, with lots of anecdotal and testimonial evidence as proof of concept, but no published trials. Can we use a Connect award to move from this state of anecdotal evidence to fund a safety and efficacy study?

If your technology can be either classified as a medical device or falls within Tier C of the NICE Evidence standards framework for digital health technologies, this type of product could be eligible for funding. As long as the existing evidence supports the feasibility of the technology concept, that would be sufficient proof of concept. Connect can be used to strengthen the proof of concept in this way, if appropriate.

How are SMEs paid during their i4i Connect project?

The Company submits monthly invoices to the i4i Secretariat throughout the project, which are paid one month in arrears. This is standard for i4i awards where the SME is the Lead Applicant.

What costs are eligible to be covered by the i4i Connect award?

The i4i Connect award will cover most costs associated with a project including direct and indirect costs but excluding animal studies and equipment costing in excess of £5,000. Please see the i4i programme finance guidance for further information.

If a project includes AI, will you fund the development of the algorithm (e.g. sampling a group for a condition detection device to create the algorithm to then use for a wider population)?

This is an eligible activity. You will need to provide a proof of concept that will support the feasibility of this approach. Alternative funding that can support this type of work is the AI in Health and Care Award.

If your project total cost is under the maximum budget of £150,000 are you still eligible to apply to i4i Connect?

i4i Connect supports projects of between 6-12 months duration and £50,000 - £150,000 project cost. We encourage applicants to consider all eligible activities required for a successful project outcome.

Can i4i Connect funds be used to pay for subcontractors (e.g. market research)?

Funds can be used for subcontractors and business activities listed in the i4i Connect guidance, which includes market analysis.

Can the SME match-fund to add to the funded project elements/work packages?

Yes. There is no rule against this. However, you will need to clarify what activities are funded by the NIHR and what by the SME, as there can’t be duplication of funding. At a later stage, you will also need to explain how the activities supported by the SME will impact the NIHR project directly, as this might need to be taken into account to assess the overall risk of the project, in monitoring meetings and when contracting.

Stage 2 – Business Plan

Is there any weighting between the six assessment criteria listed?

The application is assessed in its entirety against the six assessment criteria; there is no specific weighting allocated to each criterion.

Who is included on the assessment committee?

Full details of the members of the NIHR i4i Connect assessment committee are available.

The finance template has a section for costs of publication/dissemination - is there an expectation that a research paper will be produced as part of the project?

There is an expectation that results are published wherever possible. However, we appreciate that this might not always be possible due to IP restrictions. The NIHR expects any publication you produce to be open access, so if there is an intention to publish any open access paper, the costs should be included. Dissemination activities could consist of numerous other things such as stakeholder engagement, workshops, publicity, conferences etc.

Is there anything else you could suggest to help success?

We would advise you to ensure that all the assessment criteria are met, that there is clarity in your business plan and its structure, and your video complements this in order to send a clear message about the project and its likely outcome. Please ensure that you indicate the 'broader commercial picture' of your company, the likely route to market and the strategy for NHS uptake.

How should the video pitch complement the business plan?

Applicants should treat this exercise like an “Investor Pitch”, where they would be expected to deliver both a live pitch and a written business plan. It is the SME’s choice how the two complement each other, but we would advise that the technology is clearly visualised or described in the video.

Is the video pitch expected to be of professional filming quality?

The video pitch is not expected to be of professional filming quality. Filming on a mobile camera is acceptable and you will not be assessed on the video quality, only on the content!

Does the requested Business Plan need to be the Company’s or the Project’s Business Plan?

The Business Plan should be focused on the project but should incorporate the overall company’s strategy and forward plans relevant to the technology in the project and its potential for commercialisation and/or adoption.

Should the Business Plan include a project plan, deliverables and project management arrangements and how should these be displayed?

These items should be included in the Business Plan clearly and concisely. Applicants can choose how to summarise these as they wish for maximum impact. The Business Plan is intended to be flexible to allow freedom of expression appropriate to your own company’s situation.

Can dissemination be planned beyond completion of the i4i project?

Forward plans for dissemination beyond the project are welcomed but cannot be costed for within the application as funds must be spent during the project lifetime.

Where should subcontractors be included in the finance template?

Subcontractors should be listed in “other direct costs” on the finance template.