This site is optimised for modern browsers. For the best experience, please use Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Microsoft Edge.


We welcome your feedback, which will help improve this site.

Feedback form

Knowledge Mobilisation Research



Relevant Literature 

Please note that this literature covers both knowledge mobilisation and implementation and is not intended to be either comprehensive or to indicate any special approval of these papers by NIHR.

1. The use of evidence and knowledge 

  • Boaz A, Davies H, Fraser A and Nutley S (2019). What works now? Evidence-informed policy and practice, Policy Press 
  • van Bodegom-Vos L, Davidoff F, Marang-van de Mheen PJ. (2017) Implementation and de- implementation: two sides of the same coin? BMJ Quality and Safety 26:495-501 
  • Harvey, G., & McInnes, E. (2015). Disinvesting in Ineffective and Inappropriate Practice: The Neglected Side of Evidence-Based Health Care? Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 12(6), 309–312.
  • Montini, T., & Graham, I. D. (2015). ‘Entrenched practices and other biases’: unpacking the historical, economic, professional, and social resistance to de-implementation. Implementation Science, 10, 24. 
  • Grimshaw, J. M., Eccles, M. P., Lavis, J. N., Hill, S. J., & Squires, J. E. (2012). Knowledge translation of research findings. Implementation Science, 7, 50. 5908-7-50
  • Milbank Quarterly virtual Issue (2011): Facilitating the use of Research evidence (Wiley online library). This contains links to over 20 key papers on this topic, as well as three commentaries on the field
  • Rycroft-Malone J, Bucknall T (Eds) (2010) Models and Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practice: Linking Evidence to Action. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Dopson S, Fitzgerald L (Eds) (2005): Knowledge to Action? Evidence-based health care in context. Oxford: Oxford University Press

2. Overviews and literature reviews

  • Greenhalgh T (2018), How to implement evidence-based healthcare, Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, 9781119238522
  •  Gagliardi, A. R., Berta, W., Kothari, A., Boyko, J., & Urquhart, R. (2016). Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) in health care: a scoping review. Implementation Science, 11, 38.
  • Papoutsi, C.,Boaden, R.,Foy, R.,Grimshaw, J., &Rycroft-Malone, J. (2016). Challenges for implementation science. In Challenges, solutions and future directions in the evaluation of service innovations in health care and public health.NIHR Journals Library. Retrieved from 
  • Tricco, A. C., Cardoso, R., Thomas, S. M., Motiwala, S., Sullivan, S., Kealey, M. R., et al. (2016). Barriers and facilitators to uptake of systematic reviews by policy makers and health care managers: a scoping review. Implementation Science, 11, 4. 
  • Boaz, A., Hanney, S., Jones, T., & Soper, B. (2015). Does the engagement of clinicians and organisations in research improve healthcare performance: a three-stage review. BMJ Open, 5(12), e009415.
  • Nilsen, P. (2015). Making sense of implementation theories, models and frameworks. Implementation Science, 10, 53. 
  • Salter, K. L., & Kothari, A. (2014). Using realist evaluation to open the black box of knowledge translation: a state-of-the-art review. Implementation Science, 9, 115.
  • Ferlie, E., Crilly, T., Jashapara, A., & Peckham, A. (2012). Knowledge mobilisation in healthcare: A critical review of health sector and generic management literature. Social Science & Medicine, 74(8), 1297–1304. 
  • Tabak, R. G., Khoong, E. C., Chambers, D. A., & Brownson, R. C. (2012). Bridging Research and Practice: Models for Dissemination and Implementation Research. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43(3), 337–350. 
  • Ward, V., Smith, S., House, A., & Hamer, S. (2012). Exploring knowledge exchange: A useful framework for practice and policy. Social Science & Medicine, 74(3), 297–304. 
  • Greenhalgh, T., & Wieringa, S. (2011). Is it time to drop the ‘knowledge translation’ metaphor? A critical literature review. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 104(12), 501–509. 
  • Graham, I. D., Logan, J., Harrison, M. B., Straus, S. E., Tetroe, J., Caswell, W., & Robinson, N. (2006). Lost in knowledge translation: Time for a map? Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26(1), 13–24.

3. Research into implementation and knowledge mobilisation 

  • Oliver K, Kothari A, Mays N. (2019) The dark side of coproduction: do the costs outweigh the benefits for health research? Health Res Policy Syst.;17(1) 019-0432-3
  • Wilson PM, Sales A, Wensing M, Aarons GA, Flottorp S, Glidewell L, et al. (2017) Enhancing the reporting of implementation research. Implementation Science.12:13. 
  • Brown, C. H., Curran, G., Palinkas, L. A., Aarons, G. A., Wells, K. B., Jones, L., et al. (2017). An Overview of Research and Evaluation Designs for Dissemination and Implementation. Annual Review of Public Health, 38(1). 044215 
  • Holmes, B. J., Best, A., Davies, H., Hunter, D., Kelly, M. P., Marshall, M. & Rycroft-Malone, J. (2017). Mobilising knowledge in complex health systems: a call to action. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 13, 539-560.
  • Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR, Eldridge S, Grandes G, Griffiths CJ, Rycroft-Malone J, Meissner P, Murray E, Patel A, Sheikh A, Taylor SJ (2017) StaRI Group. Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Statement. BMJ. Mar 6;356:i6795.
  • Lau, R., Stevenson, F., Ong, B. N., Dziedzic, K., Treweek, S., Eldridge, S., et al. (2016). Achieving change in primary care—causes of the evidence to practice gap: systematic reviews of reviews. Implementation Science : IS, 11. 4
  • May C, Johnson M and Finch T (2016). Implementation, context and complexity, Implementation Science, 11:141,
  • Wieringa S. & Greenhalgh, T. (2015). 10 years of mindlines: a systematic review and commentary. Implementation Science, 10, 45.
  • May, C. (2013). Towards a general theory of implementation. Implementation Science, 8, 18. 
  • Peters, D. H., Adam, T., Alonge, O., Agyepong, I. A., & Tran, N. (2013). Implementation research: what it is and how to do it. BMJ, 347, f6753.
  • Eccles, M. P., Armstrong, D., Baker, R., Cleary, K., Davies, H., Davies, S., et al. (2009). An implementation research agenda. Implementation Science, 4, 18. 5908-4-18 


4. Interventions to support implementation/knowledge mobilisation 

  • Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC). EPOC Taxonomy; 2015. Available at:
  • Ivers NM, Sales A, Colquhoun H, Michie S, Foy R, Francis JJ, et al. (2014) No more ‘business as usual’ with audit and feedback interventions: towards an agenda for a reinvigorated intervention. Implementation Science.
  • Ivers, N. M., Grimshaw, J. M., Jamtvedt, G., Flottorp, S., O’Brien, M. A., French, S. D., et al. (2014). Growing Literature, Stagnant Science? Systematic Review, Meta-Regression and Cumulative Analysis of Audit and Feedback Interventions in Health Care. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 29(11), 1534–1541.
  • Squires, J. E., Sullivan, K., Eccles, M. P., Worswick, J., & Grimshaw, J. M. (2014). Are multifaceted interventions more effective than single-component interventions in changing health-care professionals’ behaviours? An overview of systematic reviews. Implementation Science, 9, 152. 

5. Knowledge Brokering

  • Vindrola-Padros, C, Eyre, L., Baxter, H., Cramer, H., George, B., Wye, L., Fulop, N. J., Utley, M., Phillips, N. & Brindle, P. 2019. Addressing the challenges of knowledge co-production in quality improvement: learning from the implementation of the researcher-in-residence model. BMJ Quality and Safety, 28, 67-73.
  • Kislov R, Wilson P, Boaden R (2017). The 'dark side' of knowledge brokering. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy. 2 Apr;22(2):107-112. 
  • Ward, V. L. (2016). Why, whose, what and how? A framework for knowledge mobilisers. Evidence and Policy, Volume 13, Number 3, August 2017, pp. 477-497(21),
  • Currie, G., Burgess, N., White, L., Lockett, A., Gladman, J., & Waring, J. (2014). A qualitative study of the knowledge-brokering role of middle-level managers in service innovation: managing the translation gap in patient safety for older persons’ care. Health Services and Delivery Research, 2(32), 1–118. 
  • Marshall, M., Pagel, C., French, C., Utley, M., Allwood, D., Fulop, N., ... Goldmann, A. (2014). Moving improvement research closer to practice: the Researcher-in-Residence model. BMJ Quality & Safety, bmjqs-2013-002779.
  • Phipps, D., & Morton, S. (2013). Qualities of knowledge brokers: reflections from practice. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 9(2), 255–265.
  • Wright, N. (2013). First-time knowledge brokers in health care: the experiences of nurses and allied health professionals of bridging the research-practice gap. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 9(4), 557–570.
  • Urquhart, R., Porter, G. A., & Grunfeld, E. (2011). Reflections on knowledge brokering within a multidisciplinary research team. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 31(4), 283–290. 
  • Dobbins, M., Robeson, P., Ciliska, D., Hanna, S., Cameron, R., O’Mara, L., et al. (2009). A description of a knowledge broker role implemented as part of a randomized controlled trial evaluating three knowledge translation strategies. Implementation Science, 4, 23.
  • Ward, V., House, A., & Hamer, S. (2009). Knowledge Brokering: The missing link in the evidence to action chain? Evidence & Policy : A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 5(3), 267–279. 
  • Lomas, J. (2007). The in-between world of knowledge brokering. BMJ : British Medical Journal, 334(7585), 129–132.
  • Lavis, J. N., Robertson, D., Woodside, J. M., McLeod, C. B., & Abelson, J. (2003). How Can Research Organizations More Effectively Transfer Research Knowledge to Decision Makers? The Milbank Quarterly, 81(2), 221–248. 
  • Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, (2003) The theory and practice of knowledge brokering in Canada’s health system. Ottawa: Canadian Health Services Research Foundation,

6. Final reports from NIHR-funded research projects in related areas

  • Currie G, Croft C, Chen Y, Kiefer T, Staniszewska S & Lilford RJ. The capacity of health service commissioners to use evidence: a case study.. Health Services and Delivery Research 2018;6(12) 
  • Davies HTO, Powell AE, Nutley SM. Mobilising knowledge to improve UK health care: learning from other countries and other sectors - a multimethod mapping study. Health Services and Delivery Research 2015;3(27)
  • Nicolini, D., Powell, J., & Korica, M. (2014). Keeping knowledgeable: how NHS chief executive officers mobilise knowledge and information in their daily work. Health Services and Delivery Research, 2(26), 1–96.
  • Crilly, T., Jashapara, A., Trenholm, M. S., Peckham, M. A., Currie, G., & and Ferlie, E (2013). Knowledge mobilisation in healthcare organisations: Synthesising evidence and theory using perspectives of organisational form, resource based view of the firm and critical theory. Health Services and Delivery Research. Retrieved from 
  • Hanney, S., Boaz, A., Jones, T., & Soper, B. (2013). Engagement in research: an innovative three-stage review of the benefits for health-care performance. Health Services and Delivery Research, 1(8), 1–152.
  • Swan, J., Clarke, A., Nicolini, D., Powell, J., Scarbrough, H., Roginski, C., et al. (2012). Evidence in Management Decisions (EMD) : advancing knowledge utilization in healthcare management : final report (Report). Southampton: National Institute for Health Research. Retrieved from 
  • Wye L, Brangan E, Cameron A, Gabbay J, Klein J, Pope C (2015). Knowledge exchange in health-care commissioning: case studies of the use of commercial, not-for-profit and public sector agencies, 2011–14. Health Services and Delivery Research 5; 3(19).
  • Wilson P, Farley K, Bickerdike L, Booth A, Chambers D, Lambert M, Thompson C, Turner R, Watt I. (2017) Effects of a demand-led evidence briefing service on the uptake and use of research evidence by commissioners of health services: a controlled before and after study. Health Services and Delivery Research 5(5). 

7. NIHR-funded evaluations of the NIHR Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs)

  • Kislov R, Wilson PM, Knowles S, Boaden R. (2018) Learning from the emergence of NIHR Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs): a systematic review of evaluations. Implementation Science. 15;13(1):111. 018-0805-y 
  • Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C., Wilkinson, J., Harvey, G., McCormack, B., Baker, R., et al. (2015). Collective action for knowledge mobilisation: a realist evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care. Health Services and Delivery Research, 3(44), 1–166.
  • Soper, B., Hinrichs, S., Drabble, S., Yaqub, O., Marjanovic, S., Hanney, S., & Nolte, E. (2015). Delivering the aims of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care: understanding their strategies and contributions. Health Services and Delivery Research, 3(25), 1–208. 
  • Lockett, A., El Enany, N., Currie, G., Oborn, E., Barrett, M., Racko, G., et al. (2014). A formative evaluation of Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC): institutional entrepreneurship for service innovation. Health Services and Delivery Research, 2(31), 1–124. 
  • Scarbrough, H., D’Andreta, D., Evans, S., Marabelli, M., Newell, S., Powell, J., & Swan, J. (2014). Networked innovation in the health sector: comparative qualitative study of the role of Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care in translating research into practice. Health Services and Delivery Research, 2(13), 1–128.